At present, many people are seeing on the Internet, who are you? Then Chinese calligraphy practice gives you the answer:
The regular script four is a collective name for the four calligraphers known in the history of calligraphy, also known as the four major regular script. They refer to: Ouyang Xun (European style) in the Tang Dynasty, Yan Zhenqing (Yan style) in the Tang Dynasty, Liu Gongquan (liu style) in the Tang Dynasty, and Zhao Mengfu (fǔ) (Zhao style) in the Yuan Dynasty.
1. Tang Dynasty Ouyang Xun (European style): its calligraphy is rigorous, and its pen power is precipitous.
2. Tang Dynasty Yan Zhenqing (Yan Ti): Its regular script is dignified and magnificent, and it has a magnificent opening. It is called "Yan Ti" in the world.
3. Tang Dynasty's Liu Gongquan (willow body): Its regular script is clean and vigorous, with rigorous structure, exquisite strokes, and upright strokes. It is called "liu body" in the world.
4. Zhao Mengfu of the Yuan Dynasty (Zhao Ti): Its regular script is round and beautiful, rigorous and correct, without losing the graceful and elegant show of the script.
First: [Brief Introduction of Ouyang Xun]
Ouyang Xun, a letter letter, a native of Linzhou (now Changsha, Hunan) in Tanzhou and a famous calligrapher in the Tang Dynasty. He was once the prince, so he was called "Ouyang rate". 宏文馆”教授书法。 Ouyang Xun's calligraphy enjoyed a high reputation in the Sui Dynasty. By the Tang Dynasty, Ouyang Xun, who was more and more ancient, was still teaching calligraphy in the " Hongwen Pavilion". Ouyang Xun studied Wang Xizhi's book style in his early years. It is said that he once bought the "finger map" for Wang Xizhi's idioms with heavy money and studied it day and night. 块碑石，竟席地而坐，在碑旁细心观察描摹学习了3天，可见欧阳询对书法爱好之深。 Another time when he went out with Yu Shinan, on the way he saw a stele written by the calligrapher Suo Jing of the Jin Dynasty and sat down on the floor. After watching and studying for 3 days, he could see Ou Yangxun's deep love for calligraphy. 劲，法度森严”的“欧体”(也称“率更体”)。 Later, he extensively studied inscriptions on inscriptions in the Northern Dynasty, while learning from the strengths of some local scholars, and reintegrating into the spirit of Lishu, forming a "European body" (also known as "rate more body") that is "robust and dangerous , and strict in law." .
Ouyang Xun's calligraphy, because it has cast the characteristics of the Han script and the Jin dynasty script, also participates in the six dynasty inscriptions, which can be said to be the leader of each family. The main characteristics of Ouyang Xun's calligraphy style are rigorous, neat and straightforward. 中宫紧密，主笔伸长，显得气势奔放，有疏有密，四面俱备，八面玲珑，气韵生动，恰到好处。 Although the glyphs are slightly longer, they are white in space, neat and rigorous, the middle palace is tight, the main pen is elongated, and it seems to be bold and vigorous, with sparse and dense, ready on all sides, exquisite and vivid, and just right. 倾侧之感，而得寓险于正之趣。 With the combination of stippling and structural arrangement, it is flat and straight in the middle, and the fonts are mostly extended to the right, but the center of gravity is still very stable, and there is no sense of obliquity , so it is dangerous.
The version of the inscriptions on the regular script of Ouyang Xun is mostly in Chinese script, mainly including "Hudu Temple Master's Tower Inscription", "Yu Gonggong Wen Yanbo Monument", "Monarch's Birth Monument", "Jiucheng Gongquan Inscription" and so on.
Second: [Brief introduction of Yan Zhenqing]
Yan Zhenqing (709-785) was born in Tangjing Zhaowannian (now Xi'an, Shaanxi). His ancestral home was Tanglangya Linyi (now Shandong Linyi). The word Qingchen. It is a representative figure of calligraphy innovation in the middle Tang Dynasty. The running script was reassured, and the magical color flew. 既有以往书风中了气韵法度，又不为古法所束缚，突破了唐初的墨守成规，自成一幅，称为“颜体”。 His calligraphy, which has the style and charm of the previous book style, but is not bound by the ancient method, broke through the rules of the early Tang Dynasty, and created its own painting, called the "face". 似其为人。宋朱长文《续书断》中列其书法为神品。”并评说：“点如坠石，画如夏云，钩如屈金，戈如发弩，纵横有象，低昂有态，自羲、献以来，未有如公者也。” Song Ouyang Xiu commented: "The Loyalty of the Sri Lankans is due to their nature, so their calligraphy and paintings are strong and independent . Commented: "A point is like a falling stone, a picture is like Xia Yun, a hook is like Qu Jin, a Go is like a crossbow, it is vertical and horizontal, low and stateful.
Yan Zhenqing was born in Jinshi, and he was famous all over the world when he served as Taishou. When An Lushan fought Fan Yang, all counties in Hebei surrendered. Only Yan Zhenqing clung to the plain city, as the leader of the rebel army and doing his best for the Tang Dynasty. 降，不幸遇害。 In the end, he was ordered by Dezong to surrender Li Xilie to surrender and was unfortunately killed. His dedication and loyalty throughout his life has even enhanced his position in the calligraphy world. 的沉着，刚毅。 Yan Zhenqing's character is like his own, and he uses a positive edge from beginning to end. Therefore, the so-called Yan style's stereotyped strokes have less artistic value, but this stroke can give full play to the calmness and fortitude of men .
After the mid-Tangtang period, due to the secession of the vassal town and the scourge of soldiers, the old system has shown a tendency to disintegrate. Yan Zhenqing's rise to establish a new model of regular script is a rational reflection of the reconstruction of the new order. 有距离的，因此唐末以后，书法艺术的发展便集中表现在行草书方面，古典的典范终于让位给个人主义的抒情作风了。 However, the strict regular script was at a distance from the social background at that time , so after the late Tang Dynasty, the development of calligraphy art was concentrated in cursive script, and the classic model finally gave way to the lyric style of individualism.
Yan Zhenqing's calligraphy, known as Yan style, has his unique style and strokes. He left many inscriptions, and later calligraphers thought that some of his inscriptions could find traces of "round pens", which were different from the "square pens" of other calligraphers.
Yan Zhenqing is regarded as a pioneer by calligraphers using round pens. Both he and Wang Xizhi, who used Fangbi, had a profound and far-reaching influence on future generations.
Third: [Brief introduction of Liu Gongquan]
Liu Gongquan (778-865) was born in Beijing Zhaohuayuan (now Yaozhou District, Tongchuan, Shaanxi). From the official to the prince, he was called "the young master Liu". He started with Wang Xizhi and studied Ouyang Xun and Yan Zhenqing's style, and then started his own family. The regular script written is charming and strong. 体，柳字则稍清瘦，故有“颜筋柳骨”之称。 Compared with the face , the Liu character is slightly thinner, so it is called "Yanjin Liugu". Mu Zong tried Liu Gongquan's method of using a pen, and Gongquan replied: "With the pen in your heart, your heart is written correctly." ，皆妙品之最，草不夫能。其法出于颜，而加以遒劲丰润，自名家。”他初学王羲之笔法，以后遍阅近代书法，于是极力变右军法，学习颜真卿，又溶会自己新意，使他的字避免了横细竖粗 的态势，而取匀衡瘦硬，追魏碑斩钉截铁势，点画爽利挺秀，骨力遒劲，结体严紧，后世学书者不少以柳字为楷模。 Song Zhu Changwen's "Mochi Edition" said: "The official and official scriptures are the best and the best. The method is based on the beauty, but it is vigorous and rich, and he is a famous artist." I have read all the modern calligraphy, so I tried to change to the right military style, learn Yan Zhenqing, and understand his own new ideas, so that his characters avoided the situation of vertical and thin, but balanced and thin, chasing the Weibei sturdy iron, stippling paintings are bright and beautiful, strong She is strong and has a tight structure, and many scholars in later generations use the willow as a model.
He was a junior official at the age of 29, and served as a low-ranking official in the local area. Later, by chance, Tang Muzong saw his handwriting. He was called to Chang'an by the court at a time when it was a calligraphy sacred object. At that time, Liu Gongquan was in his forties. ，他的字也显露了他这部分的特质。 His character is both stern and meticulous. Similarly , his character reveals this part of his character. Because of this, his reputation and status in Chang'an have been improved, and the general nobles and nobles scramble to invite him at great expense.
At the age of 80, Liu Gongquan had a total of seven emperors and finally died as a prince.
Calligraphy in the late Tang Dynasty experienced a decline after the prosperity of the middle Tang Dynasty. Although Liu Gongquan was resurrected for a while, it was still slightly inferior to Yan Shu. The calligraphy of the Tang Dynasty was flourishing for a while, and it has since faded. Liu Gongquan's regular script refers to Ouyang Xun's strokes, and often closes some strokes.
The interlacing makes the generosity particularly wide, the strokes are fine, and the corners are sharp. Although the pen is from Yan Zhenqing, it is different from Yan Zhenqing's richness and broadness, and it is particularly eloquent.
Fourth: [Brief introduction of Zhao Mengfu]
Zhao Mengfu (1254-1322), the word Ang, was called Songxue Taoist. He was the most prominent painter of the Yuan Dynasty, and he also had a wide range of influences at that time and in later generations. The descendant of Song Taizu Qin Wang Defang. 召，历仕五朝，官至翰林学士承旨，荣禄大夫，封魏国公，谥文敏。 After Song died, he returned to his hometown and lived there. Later, he was summoned by the ancestors of the Yuan Dynasty. He went through the five dynasties, and the official to the Hanlin bachelor. Doctor Ronglu, Feng Weiguo, and Wenwen Min. Good at 篆, Li, Kai, Xing, Cao Getai, Guan Guan ancient and modern. Author of "Songxue Zhai Ji".
He was a fallen aristocrat of Zhao Song and later cooperated with the Yuan Dynasty. More than twenty people such as Zhao Mengfu were recruited in the first batch to 1287 (yuan 24 years). Since then, Jiangnan scholars have been called repeatedly. Some have also sought Lilu posts through Zhao Mengfu. 帝的宠爱，“荣际五朝，名满四海”，官至翰林学士，艺术上成为元代文人画的领袖人物。 Zhao Mengfu was beloved by the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty , "the five dynasties, the name of the world", from the official to Hanlin bachelor, artistically became the leader of the Yuan Dynasty literati painting.
He also touched the Ding Ding stele of Yuan and Wei dynasties, Tang Yu Shinan, Chu Suiliang and others, and gathered the achievements of previous generations. As Wen Jia said: "Wei Gong is a master of ancient calligraphy, and imitates it all." 人的长处分不开的。 Therefore, Zhao's achievement in calligraphy is inseparable from his ability to learn from the strengths of others . What is especially valuable is that most calligraphers in the Song and Yuan Dynasties were only good at lines and grasses, but Zhao Mengfu was able to study each body. His essay is absolutely timeless and bypasses the study of Buddhism. 本非常风行。 Later generations learned Zhao Mengfu's calligraphy very much, and Zhao Mengfu's characters were very popular in Korea and Japan .